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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5351\margr1352\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5351\margrsxn1352\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri140\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 CHAPTER V}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1638\fi-1537\ri0\sb162\sa0\sl-256\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 GLEANINGS FROM THE SUTRAS, EPICS AND \expndtw-13 DHARMASASTRAS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri158\sb122\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 section \scaps0 A}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi2063\ri1901\sb86\sa0\sl-302\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 THE SUTRAS \i\charscalex94\expndtw7 Sutra form}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi86\ri18\sb202\sa0\sl-238\slmult0\tx1843 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ^ The origin of the \i Sutras \i0 may be traced to the prac\-\line \expndtw8 tical needs of the time. As the mass of sacerdotal\line \expndtw5 tradition ^ was growing rapidly both in matter and\line \expndtw-1 volume, it became increasingly difficult to learn every\-\line \expndtw3 thing by heart and to save the texts from undergoing\line \expndtw2 changes in the course of oral transmission. According\-\line \expndtw1 ly, a new prose style, convenient to memory though\line exceedingly dry, was developed; and treatises, in which\line \i\scaps\expndtw-1 a \i0\scaps0\super W\nosupersub ?\super C\nosupersub  i\super USt\nosupersub  \super stmn\nosupersub & together (j\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 fr*=thtead), were\line \expndtw4 produced Their merit consisted in the use of the few\-\line \expndtw8 est possible words. It is believed that "the general\line \expndtw2 period of the \i Sutras \i0 extends from the sixth or seventh\line \expndtw-25 Age{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw18 century before Christ to about}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li536\fi1321\ri25\sb50\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx5134 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the second century."\super 1\nosupersub  Whatever one\line \expndtw-1 say regarding this latter limit, the oldest \i Sutras, \i0 at\line \expndtw19 rate, se^m tr. \i ^ \i0 -u^i. ,__ i . ., ..{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-61\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ?}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2048\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 go}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li504\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0\sl-252\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 We ha\sub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a5\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 e\nosupersub   already  referred in a  footnote to  the \expndtw6 -\super s\nosupersub -'   and  \scaps ms   \scaps0 gi^ovetsy regarding   the  date   of \expndtw16 ^ini, \sub an\nosupersub d there is no  doubt   that \expndtw0 X aska was anterior to him.   A native}\par }